Open Data, particularly Open Government Data, basically aims at providing data or information that is usable for users (society, NGOs, researchers, consumers, etc) in fulfilling their needs. Process of delivering information from data supplier to users passes through a certain ecosystem.
The ecosystem is called “Open Data Ecosystem”. What is an open data ecosystem? One of open data ecosystems is illustrated in the above figure.
In this context, not all data provided by government for public can be immediately utilized by society or other users. Some parts of the data can be utilized only when they are developed into applications in web. Others may be utilized only when they are “translated” or “contextualized” by intermediaries (individuals/organization that serve as a bridge of understanding the data).
The abovementioned applications in web (web services) are usually services developed by community or commercial corporations. For example Google Maps, and DPT (Daftar Pemilih Tetap). Intermediaries in open data ecosystem are usually NGOs, mass media, IT activists, or corporations that voluntarily or commercially have interest in making information/data in government utilizable for users. Intermediaries also often utilize Apps in web, instead of taking the data directly from data source in government.
Translation/contextualization process includes various forms, such as bringing the data from digital to printed form, to re-processing data so that society can use the data to serve their needs and in conform to their knowledge background. For example, a process of delivering information on agriculture (commodity market situation, agriculture policy, climate data, agriculture technology development, etc.) to famers in remote villages. [ICS]
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